Residential roofing refers to roofing services that are performed on structures that are intended to house people, such as residences. Roofs are regarded as one of the most important aspects of your home. They divert the water that might otherwise cause your entire home to fail. Roofs are rarely inspected closely, either by local residential roofs builder TX inspectors during construction or by house inspectors before a sale, despite their importance. 

It’s difficult to do your roof. If you make a mistake, you risk destroying your home, not to mention the safety concerns that come with working on a high-altitude slope. We have put up a list of things you should know about

Residential Roofing in Plano TX to help you understand it better:

Anatomy Of Local Residential Roofing System

Here are some fundamentals for understanding the home roofing system so you may engage with roofing contractors more confidently.

1:Roof Structure

The roof structure is the roof’s framework. It is either formed of rafters, trusses, or beams and determines the structure of the roof, depending on the shape of your home. The roof structure is the base of your roof, upon which all other components are constructed, and it frequently provides the attic area. Most house roofs are built of wood (compared to steel used on commercial projects). 

The structure of a roof is determined by the layout of a residence and the final roof covering. A building with concrete tiles, for example, differs from one with asphalt shingles in that the roof structure must sustain the additional weight. In addition, the roof structure determines the roof’s slope.

2:Sheathing Decking

The roof deck is the roofing system’s structural base. The roof sheathing is visible while driving past a home under construction and seeing naked sheets of flat material on top of the structure. This deck is where all of the other roofing components are fastened. 

To uniformly distribute weight and strengthen your roof, a layer of plywood or oriented strand boards is fastened to the structural parts of your roof. The roof deck must be able to sustain the weight of the roofers, snow, and any other unwelcome guests to your roof, such as thick tree branches. To provide further leak protection, many sheathings are coated with fire retardant and/or weatherproofing.

Oriented strand board (OSB) is the most often utilized material since it is lightweight, inexpensive, and easy to work with. Plywood is also utilized, although mostly for heavier roofs, such as those with concrete tiles.

3:Roof Underlayment

Underlayment is a waterproofing or water-resistant layer that is put directly to the roof deck. The underlayment protects the critical plywood surface that supports the weight of the roofing system from the elements. The underlayment is a component of the entire roofing system. Underlayment is installed beneath the shingles and serves as a water-resistant, breathable barrier. It can also be fire-rated to assist prevent fire spread in multi-family dwellings or fire-prone areas. Three common types of underlayment are asphalt-saturated, non-bitumen synthetic underlayment, and rubberized asphalt is a waterproof underlayment.


The importance of flashing to the health of your roof cannot be overstated. Simply said, flashing is used to get rid of water. Water creeps through the eaves and valleys of a roofing system, even with the greatest shingles and underlayment, begins the slow, insidious process of rotting a roof. 

With higher-weight tiles that are too thick to be woven at the valleys, metal or copper valley flashing is employed. With regular 3-tab or architectural shingles, metal valley flashing is not necessary for a longer manufacturer’s warranty, but some people like the aesthetic of metal or copper flashing.

5:Roofing Materials/Coverings

Your roof covering, which is the topmost layer of your roof, is the first line of defense against the elements. Asphalt shingles, wood shake, metal, and other materials are used to cover roofs. 

1. Asphalt Shingles

Architectural asphalt shingles are constructed and sculpted to resemble a variety of roof shingles, including octagon scales and hand-staved shakes. These dimensional shingles are often thicker and heavier.

2. Metal Roofing

Metals ranging from copper to the more common aluminum and steel that have been galvanized or coated for corrosion protection are available. Metal roofing is frequently used in energy-efficient roof systems when solar radiation reflection is preferable to heat absorption by asphalt.


Slate, newer materials that look like it, and cedar shingles are all traditional roofing materials that are still available today. 


Tile is also available in modern materials like coated metals and thermal polymers in easy-to-install panels to mimic the aesthetic of ceramic and terra-cotta.

5. Cedar & Wood Shingles

A ventilated underlayment helps cedar and hardwood shingles survive longer and keep their form. This dense matrix of woven threads creates an area between the shingle and the deck, enabling the shingles to dry and preventing moisture damage.


Ventilation is one of the most important aspects of the entire roof system, yet many people are unaware that it is taking place. The movement of air on the underside of a roof deck caused by passive and thermal factors is known as roof ventilation. Warm, wet air exits, and cooler, drier air enters the attic space of a home when a roof is ventilated properly. 

7. Roof Drainage

Roof drainage, as the name implies, is all about efficiently shedding water off the roof. It’s all about channeling run-off into the correct regions of the roof in residential roofing Plano TX, where roofs are often sloping, and preventing water from gathering and lingering on the roof, where it would damage roofing materials and create leaks.